Gastritis is inflammation of the stomach lining. It is caused by drinking too much alcohol, prolonged use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin or ibuprofen, or infection with bacteria such as Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). It can also develop after major surgery, traumatic injury, burns, or severe infections. Diseases, such as pernicious anemia, autoimmune disorders, and chronic bile reflux, can cause gastritis.
A person suffering from gastritis experiences abdominal upset or pain, belching, abdominal bloating, nausea and vomiting as well as a burning sensation in the upper abdomen. Blood in the vomit or black stools may be a sign of bleeding in the stomach and required immediate medical attention.
Diet helps in easing out the discomfort experienced in gastritis. One should eat foods that are easily digestible. The foods should be easy on the stomach. What foods?
Tips for Diet for Gastritis
- One must have regular meals. Eating too often can cause acidity
- Milk and dairy products should be limited to 3 servings per day or less. Prefer low fat or fat-free dairy foods whenever possible. It will control stomach acid production
- Alcohol, black and red pepper, chili powder, chilies and hot peppers should be avoided
- Caffeine can increase the amount of stomach acid. Teas, coffee ,colas, cocoa, chocolate should not be taken
- One should take less of tomatoes, peppermint,tomato juice fatty foods, and citrus juices. These can cause heartburn or pain in your esophagus. One may have to also place a limit on seasonings such as onions,cinnamon,garlic, and cloves if they upset the stomach
- High fiber foods are not bad for the stomach. It does not cause pain for most people suffering from ulcers or gastritis. High fiber foods are whole grains, cooked dried beans, and fruits and vegetables with peels
- Foods that cause gas should be avoided. These are broccoli, cabbage, onions, milk, cooked dried beans and peas, and some fruits etc
The food intake in the case of gastritis should not upset the stomach or cause pain. One should eat food that is easy on the stomach and can be digested easily. Spicy and greasy food should be avoided and food that easy on stomach should be taken.
Food Habits To Prevent Gastritis:
- Eat slowly: Eat slowly by chewing the food thoroghly. This will help in proper digestion and prevention of gastritis.
- Do not Eat Full Stomach: Overloading yourself with food can aggravate gastritis
- Have smaller meals: Have small meals followed by a snack. This will give time for your stomach to break down the food and digest properly. Having a small meal every 3 hours is recommended.
- Avoid spicy foods: chilli powder, cloves, pepper or spicy foods can worsen the symptoms of gastritis. Hence, stay away from such foods.
Foods To Include and Foods To Exclude For Preventing Gastritis:
Here are the foods to be included and foods to be avoided for a proper diet for gastritis:
- Include: Leafy vegetables, wheat bran, unpolished rice, fresh fruits, vegetable salads, cocunut water, carrot juice, banana, low dairy foods.
- Avoid: Coffee, alcohol, whole milk, cream, meat, pork, orange juice, soda, spicy foods, hot cocoa, beans, brocolli.
Certain medications such as NSAIDs can result in gastritis. If you are taking such medicines, consult your doctor who can prescribe a different medicine in their place. Cutting down smoking and alcohol intake is also important to prevent gastritis. A proper diet for gastritis combined with stress managing methods and lifestyle changes can help in preventing gastritis.