Diet

Which Foods to Avoid When Suffering from Ischemic Colitis?

About Ischemic Colitis

It is a sudden inflammation or swelling of a part of the colon (large intestine) that occurs when there is a temporary reduction or loss of flow of blood to the colon. It causes ulcers in the deeper parts of the rectum. When this happens, a number of symptoms will be seen, such as, diarrhea, bleeding, weight loss and cramping.

Ischemic Colitis

Diet for Iscemic Colitis

The diet you take plays a vital role in relieving you from these symptoms, particularly during sudden and intense flare-ups. You must concentrate on the foods you cannot eat during this health problem, just like you concentrate on the foods you can eat. By reading this article, you will get to know the foods you must strictly avoid in order to cure the condition.

The Types of Foods You Must Not Eat during Ischemic Colitis

1. Alcoholic Foods
Alcohol and alcoholic beverages increase the acidity levels in the stomach. They can lead to stomach ulcers or gastritis. They can also worsen your intestinal problem through blood-sludging. This happens when the red blood cells clump together which causes small vessels to clot. This leads to the starvation of the oxygen tissues. Long-term alcohol abuse can result in anemia as well as low resistance to infections. Both of these symptoms can further worsen the condition.

2. Caffeine-rich Foods
Foodstuffs rich in caffeine must be strictly avoided if you are suffering from inflammatory bowel problem. Caffeine irritates the gastrointestinal tract. This can lead to diarrhea and loose stools. It also increases the rate of food digestion process. This will make the stomach empty into the small intestine at a faster rate. As such, food components that are highly acidic pass into the small intestines too soon. This leads to further injury of the intestinal tissues. Caffeine is responsible for stomach acidity too.

3. Fiber-rich Foods
Foods rich in fiber can aggravate the diarrhea and pain that are signs of ulcers. If a fiber-rich food, like popcorn, seems to irritate your stomach, eliminate it from your meals. Also remember to cook fruits and vegetables before eating them. You can try stewing, steaming or baking. This will keep the symptoms from flaring up. High fiber foods, such as, nuts, seeds, popcorn and corn, are a cause of abdominal cramping and discomfort. They may also cause the large intestine to contract, which worsens the problem.

4. Fatty Foods
All greasy, fatty and fried foods can cause diarrhea. So you must avoid all such food items, like, cream sauces, butter and margarine. You must also try using less percentage of oil in your cooking.

5. Gassy Foods
These foods cause gas problems. They further increase bloating, abdominal pain and discomfort as the pressure builds up in the intestinal areas. Vegetables that are responsible for producing gas in the intestinal and stomach areas mostly come from the cabbage family, such as cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts and cauliflower. Some other foods that can produce gas in the tracts of the intestines are beans, dried peas, lentils, onions, peppers, spicy meals, raw fruit juices as well as caffeinated and carbonated drinks like soda.

6. Dairy Foods
If you are lactose-intolerant, then milk and milk products may aggravate your problem, causing cramping, diarrhea and gas. This is because, some people cannot digest the sugars present in dairy products due to the deficiency of an enzyme in the small intestine. If this happens, then you will have to totally eliminate dairy products from your diet. However, as milk is nutritious, you must take it, by minimizing the lactose-intolerance symptoms through over-the-counter products. You can even try taking lactose supplements instead.

End Note

Not every person suffering from Ischemic colitis will react to the same foodstuffs. That is why, it is better if you maintain a diary in which you note down all those foods that caused you discomfort at some time or the other. This will help you to determine which foods increase your problem and which do not. A food diary is also good for assisting you in determining whether you are taking a nutritious diet or not. Use it daily to write down your fluid and food intake and the symptoms you experience. This can be reviewed by your dietitian to pinpoint the troublesome foods and to eliminate them from your diet.

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