What are the Essentials of a Diet for an Enlarged Heart?
is a condition that results when the heart fails to pump oxygenated blood in the required amount. Though such a condition needs medical help, choosing a diet to cure it is also helpful and effective in the long run. For this, you need to keep some essential points in mind that are as given below.
Essentials of a Diet for an Enlarged Heart
While planning a meal plan for this condition, some important things to consider are as follows.
- Reduce Sodium Intake
Limit the intake of sodium such that the daily consumption is maintained at 2,000 mg/day. This is because excess sodium in your body causes edema and shortness of breath. This causes the heart to pump twice its normal rate. It also leads to fluid retention in limbs. Restrict the sodium intake by cutting back on salted foods such as cheese, hot dogs, crackers, smoked or canned meat and beef products, salted nuts, as well as frozen dinners such as pastas and pizzas. Low-sodium meal plan can also include foods such as eggs, unsalted cheese, milk, meat and fresh poultry. The best option is to eat home-cooked meals that contain salt in the amounts as per your wish. For an extra flavor to your meals, you can add lemon or orange zest or use herb seasonings.
- Restrict Fat Intake
To cure Cardiomegaly, go for low-cholesterol and unsaturated fats instead of saturated and trans fats. Avoid fast foods because they contain large amounts of trans fats from partially hydrogenated oils. These bad fats reduce the good cholesterol levels and raise bad cholesterol levels. This ultimately leads to high blood pressure, obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol etc. Stick to a low-fat diet by refraining from the consumption of cakes, fries, muffins, potato chips etc. Always eat the fat-free or low fat versions of milk and milk products such as yoghurt, cheese, sour cream, cottage cheese etc. Try grilling, steaming or baking foods instead of deep-frying. Include foods that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids by eating olives, mackerel, nuts, salmon, flax seeds, canola oil, soybeans and extra virgin olive oil. These foods aid in the promotion of healthy cardiovascular system. Consume egg whites, skinless chicken, egg yolks, lean ground meat, spare ribs and cold cuts.
- Increase Carbohydrates
As much as possible, eat raw and fresh fruits and vegetables as well as whole grains. Vegetable and fruit juices can be taken for a change. Prepare and have vegetable soups, stews and broths. Whole grain breads are good options. You can also fill your plate with oats, barley, bran and legumes.
Apart from following the following points for an
, a few other changes are also helpful such as quitting smoking and alcohol, exercising regularly, drinking enough liquid and sleeping regularly.