Diet

4 Types of Medical Diets for Patients

Medical Diets

Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are prescribed special medical diets by doctors to ease their symptoms. These specific diets are helpful and four types of such diet are outlined below.

Clear Liquid Diet:

A clear liquid diet may be prescribed to patients who have undergone abdominal surgery. A clear liquid diet is often a patient’s first meal.

This type of diet exerts little pressure on the gastrointestinal system. This is important when eating is resumed after the fasting before and after surgery.

Full Liquid Diet:

A full liquid diet is prescribed after a clear liquid diet. It is usually prescribed before a normal fiber diet and is another step towards solid food.

A full liquid diet consists of simple liquids as well as liquids with milk products. People who are lactose intolerant may find it challenging because foods that contain milk will have to be substituted and replaced with other non-milk alternatives such as soy.

Restricted Fiber Diet

This type of diet is recommended for IBD patients. It is also used just before resumption of a normal diet after surgery or a flare-up.

In the restricted fiber diet, you can consume a variety of foods, except foods that are high in fiber, such as wholegrains and vegetables.

Lactose-Free Diet:

A lactose free diet is recommended when symptoms such as abdominal pains and diarrhea suggest a condition of lactose intolerance. These symptoms are different from those of inflammatory bowel disease.

In this type of diet, only lactose based products such as milk are avoided. All other foods may be consumed.  People on these diets must ensure that alternative sources to calcium are consumed to avoid calcium deficiency.

Note

Medical diets such as these should be advised by a doctor or dietician. Similarly, diets such as these should be phased out gradually rather than ending abruptly.

References

Livestrong.com; Types of Medical Diet Guides;
http://www.livestrong.com/article/215645-types-of-diets-in-hospitals/

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